About Croatia

Croatia is a horseshoe-shaped central European Mediterranean country, stretching from the city of Ilok in the east to the city of Dubrovnik in the far south. Its entire coastline is bordered with the Adriatic Sea, which has had a significant role in painting one of the most beautiful seaside landscapes in the world. Moreover, Croatia is known for its natural diversity in its relief and climate - it covers extensive plains in the continental region of Slavonia, mountain areas in Lika and Gorski Kotar, and with a long, indented littoral belt with over a thousand islands from Istria, Kvarner and Dalmatia. Besides such unique territorial features, Croatia also has a very favourable position in terms of connectivity and easy-accessibility from different sides of the European continent. Croatia boasts breath-taking natural landscapes and scenery, plus a rich and colourful history. Almost 10% of the country is protected within 11 nature parks, 8 national parks and 2 strictly protected nature reserves. In addition, there are 7 sites listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Therefore, the combination of natural features, rich history and heritage, combined with its cultural background and gastronomic experience, together with its favourable geographic position, make Croatia one of the most attractive tourist destinations in the world.

Basic facts:
  • Country code: HR
  • Currency: Kuna (HRK or KN). Money can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices, hotels.
  • Official name: Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska)
  • Official language: Croatian
  • Capital city: Zagreb
  • Neighbouring countries: Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and sea border with Italy
  • Length of coastline: mainland 1,777 km and islands 4,058 km
  • Population (2013): 4.253 million people
  • Political system: unitary democratic parliamentary republic
  • Head of State: President of the Republic
  • Membership of international organisations: NATO, European Union
Climate

Due to its geographic position, near the 45th parallel, Croatia enjoys all the benefits of a moderate climate, although the climate differs slightly on the Mediterranean part from the continental. Nevertheless, in general, Croatia has four clearly diversified seasons, with their general characteristics. The Mediterranean climate belt covers the region from Istria and Kvarner in the north through to Dalmatia in the south, although it is a bit cooler in the northern part of the coastline, compared to the far south. The average summer temperature varies between 24C and 28C, or higher. For example, Hvar is known as the sunniest Croatian island with more than 2,700 hours of sun annually.

The Dinaric mountains divide the coastline from the continental part, so it has a different continental climate with cold and snowy winters, but with quite warm summer periods.

Considering the great combination of climatic conditions, you can find interesting places to visit and enjoy all year round.